The world has observed a massive shift from mobile to mobile first. Now, its pretty blatant, mobile device is not just to stare at the big screen, its the mobile applications that people are addicted to or ingrained in their life in a way that there is no way you can live like you used to live in the 90s without any mobile app. We have reached an era where you name the thing and you have an app for that. In fact, we should rather say there are numerous apps for a single category. Too many apps right? IoT aims at conjoining all different devices in the home and eliminate the need to keep different mobile apps for different functions.
The current situation of both Google Play Store and Apple app store is similar, extremely cluttered with a plethora of apps which actually don’t let the users find the app which is actually good and deserve to rank at the top of the app store. IoT is flourishing in an agile manner which is encouraging more and more manufacturers to manufacture IoT enabled devices and developers to indulge in mobile application development. The rush to deploy more and more IoT enables apps and devices have led to vulnerabilities and security issues. Let’s explore which are the security issues for IoT devices and apps.
1) Storage Constrained Devices
IOT devices which have limited memory, storage capacity, and also have to run on low battery. Those security tactics that depend on encryption doesn’t work well with storage constrained devices. Such devices lack the ability to perform prompt encryption and decryption to transmit the data in safe and secure manner. Such constrained devices are more prone to side channel attacks. Chances of power analysis attack are also very much high. Such security breaching attacks will reverse the engineering of the algorithms. For having IoT function adequately, multiple defense layers should be integrated. Try segregating devices into diversified networks and make use of firewalls to set off for the device limitations.
2) Data Security
One of the integral chunk to be focused while tightening the security knots of the IoT devices and apps is data protection and privacy surety. Once the data transmits across various networks, make sure that it is stored safely and there is no possibility of data leakage. To take security measures for IoT devices and mobile apps, sensitive data must be anonymized or radicated before storing it in its original place. Another tactic for added security is decoupling personally identifiable data from IOT data payloads. Data which is stale and is no longer in use must be deleted from the database safely and securely. One of the challenges underlying is of data storage where managing the legal compliance with the regulatory authorities is difficult. The way out to this issue is through Blockchain tech which is basically decentralized distributed ledger to maintain, secure and share IoT data reducing chances of the security breach.
3) Not Paying Heed To Cloud and Connectivity Problems
IoT is not an individual product, in fact, it has three elements to it. The cloud, product and the mobile application which are connected with each other by various networks and communication channels. Hence of the criteria to be taken into consideration while developing apps for IoT is to built in a way that it can recognize and play adequately with the cloud and it’s connectivity aspects which are the inseparable part of your IoT connected products.
4) Not Calculating Future Uncertainties
The IoT app development companies must consider the future uncertainties that can arise or the future needs that can come. Hence, the device and apps while under the designing and building process must analyze and interpret the future circumstances. You might intend to add features like geofencing or even Bluetooth beacons or touch authentication or even voice control to your IoT app. Hence, consider future flexibility in app development.